Tendon and Ligament Injuries

Authors: Danielle G Creamer, Peter Muir

Objective: The objective was to study clinical outcomes in dogs with chronic cruciate ligament rupture (CR) treated with palliative arthroscopy as the sole surgical treatment.

Authors: Mario Coppola et al.

Objectives: To describe multiligament stifle injury in dogs and report complications and long-term outcomes.

Methods: Medical records of dogs surgically treated for multiligament stifle injury were reviewed from six veterinary hospitals. Long-term follow-up was collected from referring veterinarians.

Authors: Lisa Adele Piras, Matteo Olimpo, Pilar Lafuente, Anna Tomba, Sara Del Magno, Elena Lardone, Bruno Peirone, Davide Mancusi

Background: two forms of supraspinatus tendinopathy (ST) have been reported in dogs: mineralized and non-mineralized. Surgical treatment consists of longitudinal incisions (splitting) in the tendon of insertion of the supraspinatus muscle. The purpose of this retrospective study is to describe the diagnostic workout, the surgical procedure and the short and long term follow up of dogs treated for non-mineralized ST.

Authors: C Pegram, D C Brodbelt, K Diaz-Ordaz, Y Chang, A Frykfors von Hekkel, D B Church, D G O'Neill

This study aimed to evaluate demographic risk factors associated with unilateral cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture diagnosis and to explore demographic and clinical risk factors associated with management of unilateral CCL rupture in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK.

Authors: Yulei Liu, Xiang-Hua Deng, Janice Havasy, Samuel Green, Alexander Piacentini, Daoyun Chen, Scott A Rodeo

The standard grafts used for ACL reconstruction are tendon, either patellar tendon, hamstring, or quadriceps. However, the microstructure and composition of tendon differs from ligament. Ideally, the ACL would be replaced with the same tissue.

To evaluate the incorporation of a bone-ACL-bone graft (B-ACL-B) graft for ACL reconstruction, we performed a controlled laboratory study in a rabbit model with micro-computed tomography (μCT).

Authors: Ashley S Villatoro, Anke Langenbach, Jin Yoon, Tanya C Garcia, Denis J Marcellin-Little

This retrospective observational study aimed to characterize the severity and distribution of OA in the stifle joints of small and medium dogs with CCL injury and/or MPL.

Radiographs of the stifle joints from 218 dogs from 10 small and medium breeds were included; 127 joints had CCL injury, 76 joints had MPL, and 73 joints had CCL injury and MPL. OA was graded at 33 sites within the joint.

Authors: E S Martin, T Foo, G Hosgood, A D Moles

Introduction: This cadaveric study describes the collateral ligament constraints on the feline tarsocrural joint using stress radiography.

Authors: Kaitlyn Johnson, Garrett Davis

Surgical treatment of a superficial digital flexor tendon luxation is the treatment of choice, since nonsurgical treatment has been shown to be unsuccessful in dogs in which it has been attempted.

The objectives of this study were to report complications and short- to long-term outcomes in dogs with superficial digital flexor tendon luxation treated with abrasion calcaneoplasty, an adjunctive surgical technique, in addition to traditional repair.

Authors: Anastasija Z Todorović, Mirjana V Lazarević Macanović, Marko B Mitrović, Nikola E Krstić, Henri J J van Bree, Ingrid M L V Gielen

Cranial cruciate ligament disease is a common pathological condition in dogs that is often presented in daily clinical practice.

Different risk factors for the development of this condition include breed, sex, age, bodyweight and neuter status, as well as different biological and biomechanical mechanisms. In the literature, special attention has been paid to the role of the tibial plateau angle in damage to the cranial cruciate ligament.

Authors: Samuel J Tidwell, Ken Greenwood, Samuel P Franklin

Background: Achilles mechanism rupture is a surgical condition involving primary tenorrhaphy with various described means of surgical augmentation and bolstering.

Aim: To report complications and outcomes with a novel Achilles repair technique in dogs using a superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) or deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) allograft.