Authors: Guevar J1, Zidan N, Durand A, Olby NJ

OBJECTIVE: To describe the safety and feasibility of a minimally invasive spine surgery technique to access the thoracolumbar vertebral canal in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study.

ANIMALS: Six healthy research dogs.

Category: Spine
Authors: Lee S, Millecamps M, Foster DZ, Stone LS.

Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of global disability. Multiple anatomical, cellular and molecular factors implicated in LBP, including degeneration of lumbar intervertebral discs (IVDs). We previously described a mouse model that displays behavioral symptoms of chronic LBP.

Category: Spine
Authors: Harris G, Freeman P.

OBJECTIVE: Intervertebral disc extrusion is a common disease affecting chondrodystrophic dogs. It has been reported that fenestration of thoracolumbar intervertebral discs reduces recurrence of disc extrusion and is associated with a low complication rate.

Category: Spine
Authors: Bonelli MA, da Costa RC.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the neurologic signs and MRI findings for German Shepherd Dogs (GSDs) with cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM).

ANIMALS: 10 GSDs with confirmed CSM.

Category: Imaging - Spine
Authors: Elford JH, Oxley B, Behr S.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine of dogs with spinal deformities with three-dimensionally (3D) printed patient-specific drill guides.

Category: Spine
Authors: White DA, Renberg WC, Roush JK, Hallman MR, Mauler DA, Milliken GA.

OBJECTIVE: To determine a flexed position for radiographic diagnosis of atlantoaxial instability (AAI) and to identify radiographic measurement cutoffs to differentiate affected dogs from neurologically healthy toy breeds.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series and prospective case controls.

Category: Imaging - Spine
Authors: Reints Bok TE, Willemsen K, van Rijen MHP, Grinwis GCM, Tryfonidou MA, Meij BP

OBJECTIVE: To report the long-term outcome of nine dogs treated for caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy (CCSM) with surgical spinal fusion.

STUDY DESIGN: Short case series.

ANIMALS: Nine large-breed dogs.

Category: Spine
Authors: Lee JH, Yoon HY, Kim JH, Han HJ.

CASE DESCRIPTION: 3 toy-breed dogs (a 5-year-old Pomeranian, a 12-year-old Pomeranian, and a 13-year-old Yorkshire Terrier) were evaluated because of a sudden onset of nonambulatory tetraparesis.

Category: Spine
Authors: Guevar J, Olby N

OBJECTIVE: To report the successful treatment of intervertebral disc protrusion with minimally invasive microsurgery in a large breed dog.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case report.

Category: Spine