Spine

Authors: E Gougeon, P Meheust

Objectives: To assess the feasibility and outcome of pedicle screw implantation on sixth lumbar vertebral body fractures.

Category: Spine
Authors: Ivette Nikol Irizarry, Danielle R Dugat, Kate M Sippel, Mark E Payton

Objective: To evaluate the intervertebral disk, vertebral endplates, and spinal cord for perioperative changes secondary to percutaneous laser disk ablation (PLDA) and correlate findings to clinical outcomes in dogs receiving thoracolumbar PLDA.

Study design: Blinded study.

Animals: Thirty dogs.

Category: Spine
Authors: Alba Farré Mariné, Luisa De Risio, Joan Mascort, Manuel Jiménez Peláez, Marta López, Fabio Stabile, Alejandro Luján Feliu-Pascual

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the surgical technique and outcomes of dogs with congenital thoracic vertebral body malformations (CTVBM) treated with unilateral vertebral distraction and stabilization with monocortical screws and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA).

Category: Spine
Authors: Elizabeth M Schmitt, Peter Early, Robert Bergman, Elizabeth A Riedesel, Lingnan Yuan, Jonathan P Mochel, Karl H Kraus

Objective: Identify acceptable implant corridors in the normal canine thoracic vertebrae (T) from T1 to T9.

Study design: Retrospective study.

Sample population: Computed tomographic (CT) studies of normal canine thoracic spines (n = 39).

Category: Spine
Authors: Kaustubh R Dongaonkar, Koji Aoki, Danielle Zwueste, Miriam Bates

Objective: To determine the influence of continuous and intermittent bolus irrigation on vertebral canal temperature during thoracolumbar hemilaminectomy.

Study design: Ex vivo study.

Sample population: Ten canine cadavers.

Category: Spine
Authors: Rick Beishuizen, Tjarda E Reints Bok, Michelle Teunissen, Albert J van der Veen, Kaj S Emanuel, Marianna A Tryfonidou, Bjorn P Meij

Objective: To evaluate the change in ex vivo biomechanical properties of the canine cervical spine, due to an intervertebral cage, both as a stand-alone device and in combination with plates.

Study design: Experimental ex vivo study.

Animals: Cervical spinal segments (C5-C7) from eight canine cadavers.

Category: Spine
Authors: Stephen P Spence, Sarah K Israel

Objective: To compare the incidence of MRI lesions between dogs weighing < 15 kg (33 lb) and dogs weighing ≥ 15 kg.

Animals: 494 dogs with clinical signs of thoracolumbar disease.

Category: Spine
Authors: Johanna K Wolf, Peter J Early, Antonio Pozzi, Alessio Vigani

Case description: 4 dogs, 7.5 to 10 years of age, were presented for evaluation of signs of chronic cervical pain and forelimb lameness secondary to cervical foraminal intervertebral disk protrusion (IVDP). All dogs were refractory to ≥ 2 weeks of conservative management including strict rest and pain management with anti-inflammatory drugs, methocarbamol, and gabapentin.

Category: Spine
Authors: Claudia Zindl, Noel Fitzpatrick, Alan S Litsky, Matthew J Allen

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the biomechanical behaviour of a novel distraction-fusion system, consisting of an intervertebral distraction screw, pedicle locking screws and connecting rods, in the canine caudal cervical spine.

Category: Spine
Authors: S Kerr, A H Crawford, S De Decker

Objectives: To identify the prevalence of recurrence of clinical signs after initial successful decompressive surgery for intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs.

Category: Spine