Fracture Fixation and Implants

Authors: Min-Yeong Lee, Tae-Hwan Ahn, Sung-Il Son, Hwi-Yool Kim

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the biomechanical properties of three stabilisation techniques in feline patella transverse fractures and select the strongest method with potentially minimal complications.

Authors: Maria Potamopoulou, Gordon Brown, Richard Whitelock

Objective: An increased rate of surgical site infection (SSI) following treatment of canine humeral intracondylar fissure (HIF) with a lateromedially (LM) placed transcondylar screw (TCS) compared with a mediolateral (ML) TCS has been previously postulated. We hypothesized that the direction of insertion of the TCS would not affect the incidence of postoperative SSI.

Authors: Lucy M Fuchter, Dan Wills, William R Walsh, Mark Newman, Chris Tan

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the interfragmentary compressive force and area of compression generated by cortical screws inserted as either a lag screw or position screw in simulated lateral humeral condylar fractures.

Study design: Ex vivo biomechanical study.

Authors: Daniel Almeida , Erin Wendt-Hornickle , Michael G. Conzemius

Objective Pain management is an essential component of perioperative patient care. Multimodal pain management strategies have the potential to provide more effective analgesia than a single drug. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of gabapentin as an adjuvant to carprofen for the management of postoperative pain following tibial plateau levelling osteotomy surgery.

Authors: Peter J Welsh, Devin J Thompson, Yi Chen, Lloyd V Smith, Adam M Nylund

Objective: To determine whether one larger or two smaller diameter pins used for tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture (TTAF) stabilization provides greater axial tensile strength and stiffness when subjected to monotonic mechanical load to failure in normal skeletally mature canine cadavers.

Study design: Paired ex vivo biomechanical study.

Sample population: Eleven pairs of adult cadaveric dog tibias.

Authors: Emma Deards, Anita Economou, Pablo Menendez

Fragmented medial coronoid process is common in dogs, but has only been described in the cat once historically.

Authors: Katherine M Neal, Hayley M Gallaher, Alexis Thompson, Mary D Kerby

Objectives: (1) To evaluate the accuracy of an aiming device on placement of humeral transcondylar screws compared to fluoroscopic methods. (2) To compare experience level on outcome.

Study design: Randomized, match pair, prospective ex-vivo study.

Sample population: A total of 68 dogs.

Authors: Lindsay A Parker, Alex D Bukoski, Cristopher Zelaya-Nunez, John R Dodam, Kelley M Varner, Bryan T Torres

Objective: To report the locoregional anesthesia and analgesia preferences of veterinary anesthesiologists for use in dogs undergoing a TPLO and determine any association with specialty college, time from board-certification, or employment sector.

Study design: Cross sectional study.

Sample population: Diplomates of the American (ACVAA) and European (ECVAA) Colleges of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia.

Authors: Barbro Filliquist et al.

Objective: Determine whether dogs with well-functioning orthopedic metal implants can develop metal reactivity.

Sample: Client-owned dogs that had tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) or total hip replacement (THR) implants for 12 months or more and control dogs with no implants.

Authors: Stavros Karydas, Alan Danielski

A seven-month-old male Shetland Sheepdog was presented for assessment of thoracic limb lameness of 3 weeks duration.