Fracture Fixation and Implants

Objective: To determine the effects of 6 types of transarticular immobilization techniques on tibiotarsal joint angles during stimulated weight bearing.

Study design: Canine ex vivo biomechanical study.

Sample population: Canine cadaveric pelvic limbs (n = 15).

BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament rupture is the most frequent orthopedic disorder in human and animals. An array of surgical techniques have been described to stabilize the stifle joint in dogs, including intraarticular stabilization, extraarticular stabilization, and tibial osteotomy techniques. Tibial plateau leveling osteotomy and tibial tuberosity advancement with a lot of modifications are the most common.

Objective: To report modification of the endoprosthesis surgical limb‐salvage technique to treat a locally extensive osteosarcoma in a dog and associated functional outcome.

Study design: Clinical case report.

Animals: One client‐owned dog.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on radiographic healing and limb function after uncomplicated, stable osteotomies in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: In vivo, prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-control study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Fifty client-owned dogs.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes following surgical stabilisation of ilial fractures in dogs and cats using a laterally applied Synthes TPLO locking compression plate.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on clinical outcomes in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease treated with tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Owners and surgeons (care providers and assessors) were masked.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a stricter aseptic protocol on implant-associated infection (IAI) rates after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Seven hundred three dogs (811 TPLO).

Objective: To investigate the influence of plate and screw hole position on the stability of simulated radial fractures stabilized with a 1.5 mm condylar locking compression plate (LCP).

Study Design: In vitro mechanical testing of paired cadaveric limbs.

Sample Population: Paired radii (n = 7) stabilized with a 1.5 mm condylar LCP with an open screw hole positioned either proximal to (PG), or over (OG), a simulated small fracture gap.

Peroneal neuropathy is one of the complications of orthopaedic leg lengthening. Methods of treatment include slowing of distraction and decompression both of which may lead to additional complications.

BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament rupture is a prevalent injury in dogs, and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) is one of the preferred surgical techniques. Surgical site infection is a possible complication following TPLO and measurement of serum acute phase proteins is suggested to be a way to early recognize and distinguish postoperative infectious complications from normal postoperative inflammatory conditions.