Cartilage

Authors: Christina C De Armond, Stanley E Kim, Daniel D Lewis, Adam H Biedryzcki, Scott A Banks, James L Cook, Justin D Keister

The objective of this experimental study was to develop and evaluate a three-dimensionally printed custom surgical guide system for performing bipolar coxofemoral osteochondral allograft transplantation in dogs.

Category: Cartilage - Hip
Authors: João C Alves, Ana Santos, Patrícia Jorge, Catarina Lavrador, L Miguel Carreira

Objectives: To compare the effect of intra-articular treatment with triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH), stanozolol, hyaluronan, and a platelet concentrate in police working dogs with bilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA).

Study Design: Prospective, longitudinal, double-blinded, negative controlled study.

Sample Population: Fifty police working dogs with naturally occurring hip OA.

Authors: Remigiusz M Grzeskowiak, Jim Schumacher, Madhu S Dhar, David P Harper, Pierre-Yves Mulon, David E Anderson

The interface between a surgical implant and tissue consists of a complex and dynamic environment characterized by mechanical and biological interactions between the implant and surrounding tissue.

Authors: Kimberly A Agnello, Kei Hayashi, Dorothy Cimino Brown

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate frequency, location and severity of cartilage pathology in dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease.

Authors: Anna J Schreiner, James P Stannard, Aaron M Stoker, Chantelle C Bozynski, Keiichi Kuroki, Cristi R Cook, James L Cook

Osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation can functionally restore large articular defects in the knee. Bipolar OCA transplantations for partial and whole joint resurfacing often have less favorable results than single-surface transplants.

Category: Cartilage - Stifle
Authors: Abdul Wahed Kajabi, Victor Casula, Jaakko K Sarin, Juuso H Ketola, Olli Nykänen, Nikae C R Te Moller, Irina A D Mancini, Jetze Visser, Harold Brommer, P René van Weeren, Jos Malda, Juha Töyräs

Chondral lesions lead to degenerative changes in the surrounding cartilage tissue, increasing the risk of developing post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) for evaluation of articular cartilage in PTOA.

Category: Cartilage - Imaging
Authors: Anna J Schreiner, James P Stannard, Cristi R Cook, Chantelle C Bozynski, Keiichi Kuroki, Aaron M Stoker, Patrick A Smith, James L Cook

Meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) can be a safe, effective treatment for meniscal deficiency resulting in knee dysfunction, leading to osteoarthritis (OA) without proper treatment with 5-year functional success rates (75%-90%). While different grafts and techniques have generally proven safe and effective, complications include shrinkage, extrusion, progression of joint pathology, and failure.

Category: Cartilage
Authors: Tetsuya Nakajo, Yukihiro Fujita, Tom Ichinohe, Takuya Maruo

Osteochondrodysplasia affects both homozygous and heterozygous Scottish Fold cats, and various treatments have been attempted to control chronic pain and improve mobility in these animals. However, to date, there is no single effective treatment that can be used to treat all cats with Scottish Fold osteochondrodysplasia (SFOCD).

Category: Cartilage
Authors: Bansal S, Miller LM, Patel JM, Meadows KD, Eby MR, Saleh KS, Martin AR, Stoeckl BD, Hast M, Elliott DM, Zgonis MH, Mauck RL

The meniscus plays a central load bearing role in the knee joint. Unfortunately, meniscus injury is common and can lead to joint degeneration and osteoarthritis. In small animal models, progressive degenerative changes occur with unloading of the meniscus via destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM).

Category: Cartilage - Stifle
Authors: Kon E, Robinson D, Shani J, Alves A, Di Matteo B, Ashmore K, De Caro F, Dulic O, Altschuler N

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the safety and regenerative potential of a hemicondylar aragonite-based scaffold in the reconstruction of large osteochondral lesions occupying an extensive portion of the medial femoral condyle in a goat model.

Category: Cartilage