The results of the study support the recent evidence of a relationship between pain and canine psychological well-being.
After patient discharge, the team can then aid in the client and patient recovery at home.
These fundamental principles should be applied broadly to animals enrolled in rehabilitation programs.
Rate of return to competition and duration of the convalescent period may be useful outcome variables for future investigations involving orthopedic procedures in dogs.
Removal of the TTA cage can be considered as an adjunct to treat SSI but has the potential for postoperative complications.
Modifications and injuries of nerve sheaths and blood vessels depending on distraction rate and frequency contribute to peroneal neuropathy. Its mechanical, circulatory and metabolic causes are discussed.
Clinical use of ECM in veterinary patients requires careful consideration of the specific ECM product, lesion size and location, and loading circumstances.
Techniques described in this article were originally intended for use in humans and scientific data supporting anecdotal, beneficial effects in domestic animals are still lacking; this fruitful area for research is therefore open to veterinary professionals.