Elbow

Authors: Alves-Pimenta S, Ginja MM, Colaço B.

Elbow incongruity plays an important role in the development of elbow dysplasia and its diagnosis can be challenging. The objectives of this systematic review were to discuss elbow biomechanics and recent advances in the assessment of incongruity, to revise the diagnostic protocols suggested, debate advantages and disadvantages of measurements proposed to characterize the joint and improve screening.

Category: Elbow
Authors: Petkov EP, Lesser AS, Lozier SM, Maguire PJ, Fischetti AJ, Ahn J

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the magnitude and direction of radial torsion (RT) in dogs with medial compartment disease (MCD).

STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Twenty-eight healthy dogs and 28 dogs with confirmed MCD.

Category: Elbow
Authors: Lara M. Dempsey  * , Thomas W. Maddox , Eithne J. Comerford , Rob A. Pettitt , Andrew W. Tomlinson

Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term outcome of dogs with medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) treated with arthroscopic intervention versus conservative management.

Category: Elbow
Authors: Mostafa A, Nolte I, Wefstaedt P.

Objectives The purpose of this study was to objectively estimate humeroradial (HR), humeroulnar (HU) and radioulnar (RU) congruity on mediolateral elbow radiographs of Labrador and Golden Retrievers without and with medial coronoid disease (MCD), and to determine the correlation between traditional and modified RU-step assessment techniques.

Category: Elbow
Authors: Chase D, Sul R, Solano M, Calvo I, Joslyn S, Farrell M.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the postoperative complications and long-term functional outcome after surgical management of humeral intracondylar fissure (HIF) by transcondylar screw (TCS) placement.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study.

Category: Elbow

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the surgeon can influence the accuracy of milling during the TATE elbow arthroplasty by applying force to the milling arm during the milling procedure.

STUDY DESIGN: In vitro study on Sawbone specimens.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Thirty identical solid foam models of the canine right humerus, elbow joint, and antebrachium (size large).

Category: Elbow

This study reports data from a larger number of cases of triceps tendon disruption.

OBJECTIVES: This article aimed to describe olecranon fracture in dogs and cats and their stabilization with tension band wiring or plate osteosynthesis, and to evaluate complications associated with each technique.

METHODS: Medical records of cats and dogs that had been surgically treated for olecranon fractures with either tension band wiring or plate osteosynthesis were retrospectively reviewed. The surgical technique, complications and long-term outcomes were assessed.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the initial biomechanical properties of olecranon osteotomies stabilized with intramedullary pins and a Nitinol bone staple to osteotomies stabilized with pin and tension band wire fixation.

STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo mechanical evaluation on cadaveric bones.

Category: Elbow

Elbow joint incongruity is recognized as an important factor in the development, treatment, and prognosis of canine elbow dysplasia. Elbow incongruity has been measured based on radiographic joint space widths, however these values can be affected by the degree of elbow joint flexion. Recent studies have reported radiographic curvature radii as more precise measures of humeroulnar congruity in dogs.

Category: Dysplasia - Elbow - Imaging