Elbow

Authors: Madison P Shubert et al.

Objective: To compare osteoarthritis scores assigned through radiographic evaluation of 18 anatomic regions in the elbow joint with scores assigned through evaluation of 3-D maximum intensity projection (MIP), 3-D surface rendering (TSR), and multiplanar reconstructed (MPR) CT images, and to evaluate intraobserver and interobserver agreement of radiographic and CT scoring.

Sample: Radiographic and CT images of 39 elbow joints in 20 dogs.

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: P Garnier, A Decambron, M Manassero, V Viateau

Case history: Dogs (n = 6) suffering from elbow-associated lameness for a median of 3.5 (min 2, max 12) months duration requiring arthroscopic exploration according to imaging results were prospectively included in this study.

Clinical findings: Dogs that met the inclusion criteria were of various breeds with a median body weight of 18 (min 13.2, max 34.5) kg and median age at presentation of 11 (min 6, max 96) months.

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow
Authors: Stephanie Mella, Helen Dirrig, Richard L Meeson

Objective: French Bulldogs are predisposed to humeral condylar fractures. Computed tomography (CT) in English Springer Spaniel elbows has allowed identification of humeral intracondylar fissures (HIF), which can cause lameness and predispose to condylar fractures. This study aimed to evaluate CT characteristics of non-lame French Bulldog elbows, to determine the presence of underlying elbow disease.

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Daniele Serrani, Sara Sassaroli, Francesco Gallorini, Alberto Salvaggio, Adolfo Maria Tambella, Ilaria Biagioli, Angela Palumbo Piccionello

Medial compartment disease is a common occurrence in dogs affected by elbow dysplasia. Despite many treatments suggested in the literature, only few studies reported comparative outcomes in the short and long term. The aim of this study is to report and compare short- and long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of dogs treated for medial compartment disease (MCD) by distal dynamic ulnar ostectomy (DUO), bi-oblique dynamic proximal ulnar osteotomy (BODPUO) and conservative management (CM).

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Alan Danielski, Russell Yeadon

Objective: To report arthroscopic findings in dogs with humeral intracondylar fissure (HIF) and compare these findings in joints of dogs not affected by HIF on preoperative CT images.

Study design: Controlled clinical study.

Animals: Dogs with HIF (14 dogs, 21 elbows) and dogs without HIF (20 dogs, 31 elbows).

Category: Elbow - Imaging
Authors: Kenneth A Bruecker, Kevin Benjamino, Aldo Vezzoni, Charles Walls, Kirk L Wendelburg, Christelle M Follette, Loïc M Déjardin, Reunan Guillou
Category: Dysplasia - Elbow
Authors: Rebecca A Hersh-Boyle, Po-Yen Chou, Amy S Kapatkin, Mathieu Spriet, Barbro Filliquist, Tanya C Garcia, Denis J Marcellin-Little

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of still images of needle arthroscopy (SNAR), still images of traditional arthroscopy (STAR), and computed tomography (CT) to diagnose medial coronoid process (MCP) pathology.

Study design: Prospective clinical trial.

Animals: Dogs (n = 17) presented for evaluation of elbow dysplasia.

Category: Elbow
Authors: Javier García, Russell Yeadon, Miguel A Solano

Objective: To report the surgical management, complications, and short-term outcomes for dogs with humeral Y-T fractures (ie, fractures affecting the medial and lateral aspect of the humeral condyle extending from the articular surface) that had been approached bilaterally (medial and lateral) and stabilized with two locking compression plates (LCP) and to investigate risk factors for major complications in the short term.

Authors: Williams H, Calvo , Gaines A, Kalff S, Sajik D, Kulendra NJ, Meeson RL, Parsons K, Farrell M, Kulendra ER

OBJECTIVES: To describe reduction techniques and clinical outcome in a series of traumatic elbow luxations in cats.