Osteotomy/Ostectomy

Authors: Alexandra B Kalamaras, Turi K Aarnes, Sarah A Moore, Stephen C Jones, Carolina Ricco Pereira, Juan Peng, Nina R Kieves

Objective: To compare the quality of postoperative analgesia and sedation after preoperative saphenous and sciatic nerve blockade, preoperative lumbosacral epidural injection and perioperative intravenous (IV) morphine, lidocaine and ketamine infusions in dogs undergoing stifle arthroscopy and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) under general anesthesia.

Study design: Prospective, blinded, randomized, clinical comparison study.

Authors: Renee A McDougall, Daniel I Spector, Robert C Hart, David L Dycus, Hollis N Erb

Objective: To identify demographic risk factors for deep surgical site infection (SSI) requiring tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) implant removal and time to implant removal.

Animals: Four hundred and thirty-three dogs that underwent a TPLO (144 that developed a deep SSI and required implant removal, 289 that did not).

Study design: Retrospective case-control study.

Authors: Eva Schnabl-Feichter, Sophia Schnabl, Alexander Tichy, Michaela Gumpenberger, Barbara Bockstahler

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare ground reaction forces (GRFs) of a group of cats after femoral head and neck ostectomy (FHO) with those of a historical control group.

Authors: Steven C Budsberg, Bryan T Torres, Gabriella S Sandberg

Objective: A systematic review of published data to determine whether postoperative antibiotic use after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) decreases infection rates.

Study design: Systematic review.

Authors: Fiona J Coghill, Louisa K Ho-Eckart, Wendy I Baltzer

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine owner-assessed mid- to long-term outcome for dogs with medial compartment disease treated arthroscopically with fragment removal with or without proximal abducting ulnar osteotomy (PAUL).

Study design: This was a retrospective clinical study.

Authors: Raz Peress, Sebastian Mejia, Marcos Unis, Giovanni Sotgiu, Simone Dore, Kenneth Bruecker

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the resulting short-term complications after simultaneous (SIM) or staged (ST) tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) in patients that presented with bilaterally torn cranial cruciate ligaments.

Study design: This was a retrospective study.

Authors: Alexandra I M Matchwick, Janis P Bridges, Andrew B Scrimgeour, Andrew J Worth

Objective: To report postoperative complications associated with forkless tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) performed in primary care veterinary practice and to compare results with previous publications.

Study design: Retrospective study.

Sample population: Three hundred seventy-four forkless TTAs in 329 dogs performed by six nonspecialist veterinarians.

Authors: Akash Alexander, Krizia Compagnone et al.

Objective: To determine the influence of follow-up radiographic examination on recommendations made during routine clinical re-evaluation of dogs that had undergone uncomplicated tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

Study design: Retrospective multi-institutional case series.

Animals: Client-owned dogs (N = 1010) that underwent uncomplicated TPLO.

Authors: Brittany E Abrams, Vincent A Wavreille, Bianca F Hettlich, Laura E Selmic

Objective: To describe the clinical presentation and outcome of two greyhounds with calcaneal malunions that were treated with corrective osteotomy and partial tarsal arthrodesis.

Study design: Short case series.

Animals: Two adult racing greyhounds.

Authors: Rebecca L Laube, Kyle K Kerstetter

Objective: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence and risk factors of bilateral meniscal tears during a tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO).