Knee

Authors: Andrew James Carey Beer, Sorrel Langley-Hobbs, Alex Belch

Objectives: Medial patellar luxation (MPL) is the most common developmental cause of hindlimb lameness in cats. The association between femoral and tibial conformation and MPL measured on computed tomography (CT) has not been reported in cats. The aims were to report femoral and tibial conformation in cats with and without MPL and to report normal femoral and tibial angles.

Authors: Eirik Kvale, Rocio Chicon Rueda, Noel Fitzpatrick

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe a novel limb-sparing technique for the management of feline bone neoplasia using a custom-made femoral endoprosthesis in combination with a total knee replacement (TKR) prosthesis.

Authors: Leilani X Alvarez, Jennifer A Repac, Kristin Kirkby Shaw, Nashua Compton

Objective: To critically evaluate the evidence for rehabilitation interventions following surgery for cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD) in dogs.

Study design: Systematic review.

Authors: Noel Fitzpatrick, Diogo C Miraldo, Jay Meswania

Objective: To describe the design principles and evolution, surgical technique, and outcome for custom constrained (uniaxial and rotating hinge) total knee replacement (TKR) in cats.

Study design: Retrospective case series.

Animals: Nine cats with traumatic stifle luxation (n = 8) or severe distal femoral deformity (n = 1) were considered suitable candidates.

Category: Knee
Authors: Raz Peress, Sebastian Mejia, Marcos Unis, Giovanni Sotgiu, Simone Dore, Kenneth Bruecker

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the resulting short-term complications after simultaneous (SIM) or staged (ST) tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) in patients that presented with bilaterally torn cranial cruciate ligaments.

Study design: This was a retrospective study.

Authors: Kenneth A Mann, Mark A Miller, Jeffrey K Rossow, Megan E Tatusko, Jason A Horton, Timothy A Damron, Megan E Oest

Aseptic loosening of total knee arthroplasty continues to be a challenging clinical problem. The progression of the loosening process, from the initial well-fixed component, is not fully understood.

Authors: Ana Bascuñán, Mariajesus Soula, Kristina K Millar, Adam Biedrzycki, Scott A Banks, Daniel D Lewis, Stanley E Kim

Although the goat is an established animal model in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) research, in-vivo kinematics associated with ACL deficiency have not been previously described in this species.

Authors: Tinga S, Kim SE, Banks SA, Jones SC, Park BH, Burtch M, Pozzi A, Lewis DD.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) to address abnormal femorotibial kinematics caused by cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture during walking in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical.

Authors: Barnes K, Faludi A, Takawira C, Aulakh K, Rademacher N, Liu CC1, Lopez MJ.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of postoperative extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on hind limb use after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, prospective clinical trial.

Authors: Kirkby Shaw K, Alvarez L, Foster SA, Tomlinson JE, Shaw AJ, Pozzi A

OBJECTIVE: To review fundamental principles of tissue healing and physical rehabilitation as they apply to dogs recovering from cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) surgery.

STUDY DESIGN: Invited Review.

SAMPLE POPULATION: None.