Knee

Authors: Noel Fitzpatrick, Diogo C Miraldo, Jay Meswania

Objective: To describe the design principles and evolution, surgical technique, and outcome for custom constrained (uniaxial and rotating hinge) total knee replacement (TKR) in cats.

Study design: Retrospective case series.

Animals: Nine cats with traumatic stifle luxation (n = 8) or severe distal femoral deformity (n = 1) were considered suitable candidates.

Category: Knee
Authors: Raz Peress, Sebastian Mejia, Marcos Unis, Giovanni Sotgiu, Simone Dore, Kenneth Bruecker

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the resulting short-term complications after simultaneous (SIM) or staged (ST) tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) in patients that presented with bilaterally torn cranial cruciate ligaments.

Study design: This was a retrospective study.

Authors: Kenneth A Mann, Mark A Miller, Jeffrey K Rossow, Megan E Tatusko, Jason A Horton, Timothy A Damron, Megan E Oest

Aseptic loosening of total knee arthroplasty continues to be a challenging clinical problem. The progression of the loosening process, from the initial well-fixed component, is not fully understood.

Authors: Ana Bascuñán, Mariajesus Soula, Kristina K Millar, Adam Biedrzycki, Scott A Banks, Daniel D Lewis, Stanley E Kim

Although the goat is an established animal model in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) research, in-vivo kinematics associated with ACL deficiency have not been previously described in this species.

Authors: Tinga S, Kim SE, Banks SA, Jones SC, Park BH, Burtch M, Pozzi A, Lewis DD.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) to address abnormal femorotibial kinematics caused by cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture during walking in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical.

Authors: Barnes K, Faludi A, Takawira C, Aulakh K, Rademacher N, Liu CC1, Lopez MJ.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of postoperative extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on hind limb use after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, prospective clinical trial.

Authors: Kirkby Shaw K, Alvarez L, Foster SA, Tomlinson JE, Shaw AJ, Pozzi A

OBJECTIVE: To review fundamental principles of tissue healing and physical rehabilitation as they apply to dogs recovering from cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) surgery.

STUDY DESIGN: Invited Review.

SAMPLE POPULATION: None.

Authors: Buirkle CL, Aulakh KS, Gines JA, Rademacher N, Liu CC, Barnes K.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of tibial rotation on radiographic tibial plateau angle (TPA) measurement in normal and cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL)-deficient stifles.

STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Five pairs of canine cadaver hind limbs with no stifle osteoarthritis.

Category: Knee - Stifle
Authors: Flesher K, Beale BS, Hudson CC.

OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this article is to describe the technique and outcome of a modified tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) that simultaneously levels the tibial plateau and realigns the quadriceps mechanism through medial translation of the proximal

Category: Knee
Authors: Chiu KW, Amsellem PM, Yu J, Ho PS, Radasch R.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of 3 fixation systems on complications rate after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in dogs >45.4 kg.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

Category: Knee