Rehabilitation

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS:

Authors: Hardie RJ, Lewallen JT.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 3).
METHODS:

Authors: Jarvis SL, Worley DR, Hogy SM, Hill AE, Haussler KK, Reiser RF 2nd.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To characterize biomechanical differences in gait between dogs with and without an amputated thoracic limb. Animals-Client-owned dogs (16 thoracic-limb amputee and 24 quadruped [control] dogs). Procedures-Dogs were trotted across 3 in-series force platforms. Spatial kinematic and kinetic data were recorded for each limb during the stance phase. Results-Amputees had significant increases in stance duration and vertical impulse in all limbs, compared with values for control dogs.

Authors: Hogy SM, Worley DR, Jarvis SL, Hill AE, Reiser RF 2nd, Haussler KK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To evaluate biomechanical gait adaptations in dogs after amputation of a pelvic limb. Animals-Client-owned dogs (12 pelvic limb-amputee and 24 quadruped [control] dogs). Procedures-Dogs were trotted across 3 in-series force platforms. Spatial kinematic and kinetic data were recorded for each limb during the stance phase. Results-Pelvic limb amputees had increased peak braking forces in the contralateral thoracic limb and increased propulsive forces and impulses in both the ipsilateral thoracic limb and remaining pelvic limb.

Authors: Carr JG, Millis DL, Weng HY.
Journal: JSAP

OBJECTIVES:
To evaluate overall joint range of motion of the forelimb in healthy dogs ascending stairs compared with incline slope walking.
METHODS:
Normal canine forelimb kinematics (range of motion, flexion and extension) were compared during ascent of stairs or a ramp, and compared to unimpeded trotting on a flat surface. Eight adult dogs with no evidence of orthopaedic or neurological lameness were assessed using a 2-dimensional kinematic system as they walked up a custom built ramp and stairs.
RESULTS:

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Case JB, Palmer R, Valdes-Martinez A, Egger EL, Haussler KK.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report clinical findings and outcome in a dog with gastrocnemius tendon strain treated with autologous mesenchymal stem cells and a custom orthosis.
STUDY DESIGN:
Clinical report.
ANIMAL:
A 4-year-old spayed female Border Collie.
METHODS:
Bone-marrow derived, autologous mesenchymal stem cells were transplanted into the tendon core lesion. A custom, progressive, dynamic orthosis was fit to the tarsus. Serial orthopedic examinations and ultrasonography as well as long-term force-plate gait analysis were utilized for follow up.
RESULTS:

Authors: Greene LM, Marcellin-Little DJ, Lascelles BD.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To evaluate factors associated with lameness severity and hip joint range of motion in dogs with hip dysplasia and to assess the association between hip joint range of motion and degree of lameness. Design-Prospective case series. Animals-60 client-owned Labrador Retrievers with hip dysplasia. Procedures-Owners completed a questionnaire regarding their dogs' daily exercise duration and type (ie, low impact vs high impact) and lifestyle. Range of motion of affected hip joints was measured with a transparent plastic goniometer.

Authors: Brady RB, Sidiropoulos AN, Bennett HJ, Rider PM, Marcellin-Little DJ, Devita P.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To assess differences in sagittal plane joint kinematics and ground reaction forces between lean and obese adult dogs of similar sizes at 2 trotting velocities. Animals-16 adult dogs. Procedures-Dogs with body condition score (BCS) of 8 or 9 (obese dogs; n = 8) and dogs with BCS of 4 or 5 (lean dogs; 8) on a 9-point scale were evaluated. Sagittal plane joint kinematic and ground reaction force data were obtained from dogs trotting at 1.8 and 2.5 m/s with a 3-D motion capture system, a force platform, and 12 infrared markers placed on bony landmarks.

Authors: Smith TJ, Baltzer WI, Jelinski SE, Salinardi BJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To report a standardized method of, and determine inter- and intratester reliability for, anthropometric assessment of limb circumference in dogs.
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective blinded study.
ANIMALS:
Labrador Retrievers (n = 20).
METHOD:

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Sullivan MO, Gordon-Evans WJ, Knap KE, Evans RB.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES:
To evaluate the efficacy of pulsed signal therapy (PST) in reducing pain and increasing function in dogs with osteoarthritis (OA) using a randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial.
STUDY DESIGN:
Randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.
ANIMALS:
Adult dogs (n = 60) with moderate-to-severe clinical signs of OA.
METHODS: