Rehabilitation

Authors: Torres BT, Moëns NM, Al-Nadaf S, Reynolds LR, Fu YC, Budsberg SC.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To compare overground and treadmill-based gaits of dogs. Animals -5 clinically normal adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-To obtain dynamic gait data, 30 retroreflective markers were affixed bilaterally to specific regions of the hind limbs and pelvis of each dog. For each dog, 3-D joint motion data (sagittal [flexion and extension], transverse [internal and external rotation], and frontal [abduction and adduction] planes of motion) for the hip, femorotibial, and tarsal joints were acquired during walking and trotting through a calibrated testing space overground or on a treadmill.

Authors: Zhang N, Dietrich MA, Lopez MJ.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To identify the optimum intra-articular multipotent stromal cell (MSC) tissue source in the canine stifle.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Infrapatellar adipose tissue, synovium lining the joint capsule, and synovium surrounding the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) from normal stifles of 6 dogs.
METHODS:

Authors: Millard RP, Towle HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of warm compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 cm (superficial), 1.0 cm (middle), and 1.5 cm (deep) into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Warm (47°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Millard RP, Towle-Millard HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of cold compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 (superficial), 1.0 (middle), and 1.5 (deep) cm into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Cold (-16.8°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Millard RP, Towle-Millard HA, Rankin DC, Roush JK.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To measure the effect of cold compress application on tissue temperature in healthy dogs. Animals-10 healthy mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were sedated with hydromorphone (0.1 mg/kg, IV) and diazepam (0.25 mg/kg, IV). Three 24-gauge thermocouple needles were inserted to a depth of 0.5 (superficial), 1.0 (middle), and 1.5 (deep) cm into a shaved, lumbar, epaxial region to measure tissue temperature. Cold (-16.8°C) compresses were applied with gravity dependence for periods of 5, 10, and 20 minutes.

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Nishida H, Shoji Y, Nakamura M, Hatoya S, Sugiura K, Yamate J, Kuwamura M, Kotani T, Nakayama M, Suzuki Y, Ide C, Inaba T.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To compare methods for harvesting canine bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and determine the biological properties of canine BMSCs at successive passages in vitro. Sample-BMSCs collected from the femurs of 9 Beagles. Procedures-A fibroblast assay was performed to compare 2 methods for harvesting BMSCs: the aspiration and perfusion method. Flow cytometric analysis was performed to evaluate the cell surface markers. Changes in proliferative activity were analyzed by examining radioactivity of hydrogen 3-thymidine.

Authors: Schwencke M, Smolders LA, Bergknut N, Gustås P, Meij BP, Hazewinkel HA.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To investigate, noninvasively, the soft tissue artifact (STA) in canine kinematic gait analysis.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental study.
ANIMALS:
Labrador retrievers (n = 4).
METHODS:

Authors: Cuddy LC, Lewis DD, Kim SE, Conrad BP, Banks SA, Horodyski M, Fitzpatrick N, Pozzi A.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the effects of antebrachial rotation at 3 elbow flexion angles on contact mechanics and 3-dimensional (3D) alignment of normal dog elbows.
STUDY DESIGN:
Ex vivo biomechanical study.
ANIMALS:
Unpaired thoracic limbs from 18 dogs (mean ± SD weight, 27 ± 4 kg).
METHODS:

Authors: Rutherford S, Bell JC, Ness MG.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To describe the clinical findings of dogs that sustained patellar fractures after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).
STUDY DESIGN:
Retrospective case series.
ANIMALS:
Dogs with patellar fractures that occurred after TPLO surgery (n = 6).
METHODS:
Medical records (November 1, 2008-October 31, 2010) were reviewed to identify dogs with patellar fracture occurring after TPLO.
RESULTS:

Authors: Monteiro BP, Gibson T, Bratton A.
Journal: Can Vet J

This is a report of mandibulo-zygomatic arch synostosis in a dog 7 mo after trauma to the maxilla. Advanced diagnostic imaging was considered essential for characterization of the condition and treatment planning. Surgical excision of the bony proliferation and physiotherapy resulted in improved function within 6 wk.