Rehabilitation

Authors: Fuchs A1, Goldner B1, Nolte I1, Schilling N2.
Journal: Vet J

To gain insight into the adaptive mechanisms to tripedal locomotion and increase understanding of the biomechanical consequences of limb amputation, this study investigated kinetic and temporal gait parameters in dogs before and after the loss of a hindlimb was simulated. Nine clinically sound Beagle dogs trotted on an instrumented treadmill and the ground reaction forces as well as the footfall patterns were compared between quadrupedal and tripedal locomotion.

Authors: Galindo-Zamora V1, Dziallas P, Wolf DC, Kramer S, Abdelhadi J, Lucas K, Nolte I, Wefstaedt P.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:

To (1) evaluate thoracic limb loads and symmetry, and elbow function and morphology, before and after arthroscopic treatment of unilateral medial coronoid process disease (MCPD), and (2) determine if functional variables correlate with morphologic findings.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

ANIMALS:

Dogs (n = 14) with thoracic limb lameness.

METHODS:

Authors: Clark K, Caraguel C, Leahey L, Béraud R.
Journal: Can J Vet Res

The objective of this study was to evaluate a novel accelerometer-based sensor system, the Walkabout Portable Gait Monitor (WPGM), for use in kinetic gait analysis of dogs. The accelerometer was compared to the common reference standard of force platform analysis. Fifteen client-owned, orthopedically sound dogs of various breeds underwent simultaneous force platform and accelerometer gait trials to measure peak vertical forces (PVFs).

Authors: Kapatkin AS1, Kim JY, Garcia-Nolan TC, Kim SY, Hayashi K, Hitchens PL, Stover SM.
Journal: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol

Objectives: To develop a platform that used standard size force plates for large breed dogs to capture ground reaction force data from any size dog. Methods: A walkway platform was constructed to accommodate two force plates (60 cm x 40 cm) positioned in series to a variety of smaller sizes. It was constructed from a custom wood frame with thick aluminium sheet force plate covers that prevented transfer of load to the force plate, except for rectangular windows of three different dimensions.

Authors: Headrick JF1, Zhang S, Millard RP, Rohrbach BW, Weigel JP, Millis DL.
Journal: Am J Vet Res

Objective-To compare the 3-D motion of the pelvic limb among clinically normal dogs and dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL)-deficient stifle joints following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) or lateral fabellar-tibial suture (LFS) stabilization by use of an inverse dynamics method. Animals-6 clinically normal dogs and 19 dogs with CCL-deficient stifle joints that had undergone TPLO (n = 13) or LFS (6) stabilization at a mean of 4 and 8 years, respectively, prior to evaluation.

Authors: Headrick JF1, Zhang S, Millard RP, Rohrbach BW, Weigel JP, Millis DL.
Journal: Am J Vet Res

Objective-To use an inverse dynamics method to describe the motion of the canine pelvic limb in 3 dimensions. Animals-6 healthy adult dogs. Procedures-For each dog, 16 anatomic and tracking markers were used to define the center of rotation for the pelvic limb joints and a kinematic model was created to describe the motion of the pelvic limb.

Authors: Krotscheck U1, Todhunter RJ, Nelson SA, Sutter NB, Mohammed HO.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if currently used ground reaction force (GRF) normalization methods are accurate and precise enough to be used on a single-limb basis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective clinical trial.

ANIMALS:

Clinically normal (n = 69) dogs and 40 dogs with unilateral ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments (CCL).

METHODS:

Authors: Morrison R1, Penpraze V2, Greening R3, Underwood T3, Reilly JJ4, Yam PS3.
Journal: Vet J

To increase physical activity (PA) levels in dogs and to better evaluate their energy requirements, there is a need to understand which factors orcorrelates are associated with PA and/or sedentary behaviour. Improving our understanding of these correlates also has implications for prescribed energy requirements in dogs. PA was measured using accelerometry in 62 dogs from two common breeds (Labrador retrievers and Cocker spaniels).

Category: Rehabilitation
Authors: Fischer S, Anders A, Nolte I, Schilling N.
Journal: Vet J

This study evaluated adaptations in vertical force and temporal gait parameters to hind limb lameness in walking and trotting dogs. Eight clinically normal adult Beagles were allowed to ambulate on an instrumented treadmill at their preferred speed while the ground reaction forces were recorded for all limbs before and after a moderate, reversible, hind limb lameness was induced. At both gaits, vertical force was decreased in the ipsilateral and increased in the contralateral hind limb.

Authors: de Bakker E, Peremans K, Vermeire S, Vandermeulen E, Dobbeleir A, Dik KJ, Gielen I, Saunders JH, Van Ryssen B
Journal: VCOT

Objective: To investigate the possibilities and limitations of planar bone scintigraphy and high resolution single photon emission computed tomography (HiSPECT) to diagnose flexor enthesopathy and to distinguish primary flexor enthesopathy from the concomitant form. Materials and methods: A prospective study of 46 dogs with primary flexor enthesopathy, concomitant flexor enthesopathy, medial coronoid disease, and normal elbows was performed. All dogs underwent planar bone scintigraphy and HiSPECT imaging.