Fracture Fixation and Implants

Fracture of the central tarsal bone is an uncommon injury in dogs and occurs predominantly in racing Greyhounds. To the authors' knowledge, this type of fracture has not been described previously in cats.

This case report describes a five-year-old Domestic Shorthair cat referred to the Centro Veterinario Luni Mare because of lameness, swelling and signs of pain in the right hindlimb caused by trauma. Clinical examination and diagnostic imaging revealed a right central tarsal bone fracture.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes after percutaneous application of transilial pinning in dogs with seventh lumbar vertebral body fracture with concurrent lumbosacral luxation.

METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of dogs with seventh lumbar vertebral body fracture stabilized with percutaneous transilial pinning that were treated at our hospital between January 2000 and March 2014. Radiographic measurements were used for comparing craniocaudal and ventrodorsal displacement pre- and postoperatively.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome and complications following surgical stabilization of canine tarsocrural luxations.

METHODS: Medical records of dogs which were surgically treated for tarsocrural joint instability between February 2007 and June 2014 were reviewed. Surgical technique, complications and long-term outcome (via questionnaire and Canine Brief Pain Inventory) were assessed.

Sacral fracture repair was accomplished in a cat and five dogs using a composite technique consisting of pins and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). In three of the cases, planned traditional iliosacral lag screw fixation was either abandoned or considered inadequate and in the other three, fracture configuration demanded an alternate repair method.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of bone plate fixation of distal radius and ulna fractures in toy breed dogs treated with conventional bone plates.

METHODS: Records of 15 toy breed dogs with distal radius and ulna fractures were retrospectively reviewed for signalment, method of fixation, complications and clinical and radiographic assessments. A telephone-based owner questionnaire was conducted to determine long-term function and client satisfaction.

OBJECTIVE: To compare a locking plate (LP) with pin and tension-band wire (pin/TBW) for fixation of mid-patellar transverse fractures.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical management by pancarpal arthrodesis for highly comminuted articular fractures of the distal antebrachium in 8 dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical case series.

ANIMALS: Eight dogs.

METHODS: Medical records (2001-2014) of dogs with antebrachial fractures were reviewed and dogs with highly comminuted distal antebrachial fractures were identified. The nature of the injury, surgical management by pancarpal arthrodesis, outcome, and complications were recorded.

OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate whether open fracture fixation is a significant risk factor for latent osteosarcoma development.

STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study.

SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs undergoing open fracture repair and dogs diagnosed with osteosarcoma.

OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were: 1) to review the complications associated with stabilization of appendicular fractures in cats and small dogs using locking compression plates (LCP), and 2) to identify factors that could influence fixation construct stability.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

OBJECTIVE: To report outcomes in dogs with distal radial osteosarcoma (OSA) treated with metal endoprosthesis limb-sparing surgery and compare outcomes between 2 generations of endoprosthesis.
STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective case series.

ANIMALS: Forty-five dogs with distal radial OSA treated with endoprosthesis and chemotherapy.