Tendon and Ligament Injuries

Authors: B. A. Lewis1, D. A. Allen1, T. D. Henrikson2, T. W. Lehenbauer3
Journal: VCOT

In the human and veterinary orthopaedic literature it has been implied that intercondylar notch stenosis is a mechanical factor in cranial cruciate ligament rupture and intraarticular graft failure. The patients in this study were classified as normal (32), unilateral cruciate rupture (23), or bilateral cruciate rupture (17). The dogs were placed under general anaesthesia and both stifles were scanned via computed tomography (CT) as previously described. Three CT slices at predetermined levels were evaluated within the notch.

Authors: Bongartz A, Carofiglio F, Piaia T, Balligand M.
Journal: JSAP

Traumatic partial elbow luxation (unilateral medial humeroulnar) was diagnosed in a 2.5-year-old crossbreed dog. Previous reports of traumatic elbow luxation in the dog described lateral and less frequently medial humeroradioulnar luxations. The treatment consisted of closed reduction of the affected joint under general anaesthesia. The functional outcome was excellent.

Authors: Cabrera SY, Owen TJ, Mueller MG, Kass PH.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To compare tibial plateau angle (TPA) in dogs with unilateral versus bilateral cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture, to compare right versus left TPA in dogs with bilateral CCL rupture, and to determine whether TPA can be used to predict whether a dog with unilateral CCL rupture would subsequently rupture the contralateral CCL. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-150 dogs with unilateral (n = 58) or bilateral (92) CCL rupture. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed and TPA was recorded.

Authors: Mostafa AA, Griffon DJ, Thomas MW, Constable PD.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of proximodistal alignment of the patella to patellar luxation, and to evaluate the structures contributing to proximodistal alignment of the patella relative to the femoral trochlea. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using a convenience sample. ANIMALS: Medium to giant breed dogs (n=106). METHODS: Medical records and stifle radiographs of 106 dogs were reviewed.