Elbow

Authors: Burton NJ, Toscano MJ, Barr FJ, Owen MR.
Journal: JSAP

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to quantify the sensitivity and specificity of visual assessment of radiographs of the canine elbow in detecting ulnar trochlear notch sclerosis, to establish interobserver and intra-observer variation for the presence and grade of sclerosis and to quantify the effect of radiographic exposure on observer grading. Methods: Mediolateral elbow radiographs were obtained from Labrador retrievers (n=34) aged between six and 18 months.

Category: Elbow
Authors: Moores AP, Benigni L, Lamb CR.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To describe associations between computed tomography (CT) and arthroscopy in dogs with elbow dysplasia lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine elbows (n=101) investigated by CT and arthroscopy. METHODS: CT scans were reviewed for 10 predetermined CT signs and graded for osteophyte size. Surgical reports were reviewed for specific disease features and cartilage erosion grades.

Category: Arthroscopy - Elbow
Authors: N. J. Burton1, J. A. Dobney2, M. R. Owen1, G. R. Colborne2
Journal: VCOT

Fragmented medial coronoid process (FMCP) is the most common cause of forelimb lameness in juvenile medium and large breed dogs; however methods of assessing the disruption to their gait remain subjective. The purpose of this study was to objectively quantify the mechanical disruptions to gait in dogs with arthroscopically confirmed unilateral FMCP. Seven dogs underwent full inverse dynamic analysis at the time of diagnosis. Kinematic and force data were collected from both forelimbs at trot.

Category: Elbow - Rehabilitation
Authors: R. B. Evans1, W. J. Gordon-Evans1, M. G. Conzemius2
Journal: VCOT

The objective of this review and analysis was to compare arthroscopy, medial arthrotomy and medical management for treating fragmented coronoid process in the dog. The data come from manuscripts published in peer-reviewed veterinary journals, and the study design is a systematic review followed by meta-analysis. The meta-analysis combines data from a set of studies so that surgical techniques and medial management can be compared in a single analysis.

Authors: Bongartz A, Carofiglio F, Piaia T, Balligand M.
Journal: JSAP

Traumatic partial elbow luxation (unilateral medial humeroulnar) was diagnosed in a 2.5-year-old crossbreed dog. Previous reports of traumatic elbow luxation in the dog described lateral and less frequently medial humeroradioulnar luxations. The treatment consisted of closed reduction of the affected joint under general anaesthesia. The functional outcome was excellent.

Authors: Carrera I, Hammond GJ, Sullivan M.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVES: To describe computed tomographic (CT) features of canine elbows with incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (IOHC) and investigate co-existing incongruence in the elbow joint. STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. ANIMALS: Dogs with IOHC (n=20; 38 elbows) and 25 normal elbows. METHODS: Elbows with IOHC and normal elbows were assessed by CT.