Distal Extremities

Authors: Gasch EG, Rivier P, Bardet JF.
Journal: Can Vet J

This report describes the use of a non-vascularized proximal cortical autograft from the ipsilateral ulna in limb-sparing surgery for the treatment of distal radial osteosarcoma. A pancarpal arthrodesis was performed to stabilize the site. Construct failure and probable local tumor recurrence were observed. The total survival time was 282 days.

Authors: Aiken MJ, Stewart JE, Anderson AA.
Journal: JSAP

An eight-year-old male neutered Staffordshire bull terrier was presented for investigation of right forelimb lameness of 14 months' duration. Radiography showed mottled osteolysis of the right radial carpal bone. Histopathology of the bone demonstrated replacement of healthy bone with granulation tissue suggestive of ischaemic necrosis. Lameness resolved following pancarpal arthrodesis. In humans, Preiser's disease is a condition in which idiopathic ischaemic necrosis of the scaphoid bone, the equivalent of the canine radial carpal bone, occurs.

Authors: Aiken MJ, Stewart JE, Anderson AA.
Journal: JSAP

An eight-year-old male neutered Staffordshire bull terrier was presented for investigation of right forelimb lameness of 14 months' duration. Radiography showed mottled osteolysis of the right radial carpal bone. Histopathology of the bone demonstrated replacement of healthy bone with granulation tissue suggestive of ischaemic necrosis. Lameness resolved following pancarpal arthrodesis. In humans, Preiser's disease is a condition in which idiopathic ischaemic necrosis of the scaphoid bone, the equivalent of the canine radial carpal bone, occurs.

Authors: Kaufman KL, Mann FA.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To determine complications and outcomes for dogs that underwent digit amputation. Design-Retrospective case series and owner survey. Animals-33 client-owned dogs. Procedures-Medical records of dogs that underwent digit amputation were evaluated. Signalment, digits amputated, level of amputation, reason for amputation, and complications were recorded. Owners were contacted via mail or telephone to collect follow-up information. Results-35 digit amputation procedures were performed for the 33 dogs in the study (1 dog underwent 3 procedures).

Authors: Kaufman KL, Mann FA.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To determine complications and outcomes for dogs that underwent digit amputation. Design-Retrospective case series and owner survey. Animals-33 client-owned dogs. Procedures-Medical records of dogs that underwent digit amputation were evaluated. Signalment, digits amputated, level of amputation, reason for amputation, and complications were recorded. Owners were contacted via mail or telephone to collect follow-up information. Results-35 digit amputation procedures were performed for the 33 dogs in the study (1 dog underwent 3 procedures).

Authors: Safra N, Johnson EG, Lit L, Foreman O, Wolf ZT, Aguilar M, Karmi N, Finno CJ, Bannasch DL.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To evaluate clinical manifestations, response to treatment, and outcome for Weimaraners with hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD). Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-53 dogs. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed for signalment, vaccination history, clinical signs, laboratory test results, response to treatment, and relapses. Radiographs were reviewed. Results-Clinical signs included pyrexia, lethargy, and ostealgia; signs involving the gastrointestinal, ocular, or cutaneous systems were detected. Of the 53 dogs, 28 (52.8%) had HOD-affected littermates.

Authors: Michelsen J.
Journal: Vet J

Elbow dysplasia is a common debilitating condition of large and giant breed dogs. Environmental factors and a complex genetic heritability play a role in predisposing dogs to elbow dysplasia with two aetiopathogeneses suggested for the development of the disease. Osteochondrosis was initially thought to cause elbow dysplasia, but more recent evidence has strongly supported various forms of jointincongruity as the most likely cause in most cases.

Authors: Garofolo S, Pozzi A.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To (1) evaluate the normal extraosseous blood supply of the cranial aspect of the canine radius and (2) to compare the effects of minimally invasive (MIPO) and open plating technique on its preservation.
STUDY DESIGN:
Experimental cadaveric study.
SAMPLE POPULATION:
Adult canine thoracic limbs (n = 36) obtained from cadavers weighing 25-35 kg.
METHODS:

Authors: Dingemanse WB, Van Bree HJ, Duchateau L, Gielen IM.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate clinical and subchondral bone lesion differences between medial (MTRT-OC) and lateral trochlear ridge tarsocruralosteochondrosis (LTRT-OC).
STUDY DESIGN:
Retrospective case series.
ANIMALS:
Dogs (n = 66) with MTRT-OC or LTRT-OC.
METHODS: