Physical Rehabilitation for the Management of Canine Hip Dysplasia: 2021 Update

David L Dycus, David Levine, Barbara Esteve Ratsch, Denis J Marcellin-Little
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2022 May;52(3):719-747.

Hip dysplasia is one of the most common orthopedic conditions affecting dogs.

Initially, laxity of the femur leads to subluxation, and subluxation can lead to an abnormal development or to progressive degeneration of the femoral head and dorsal acetabular rim.

Osteoarthritis and its clinical impact progress over time. Changes to the femoral head and neck and the acetabulum and the impact on joint motion and pain vary widely among dogs.

The rehabilitation of dogs with hip dysplasia includes rehabilitation therapy in dogs managed conservatively and the rehabilitation of dogs managed with surgery.

Small animal: