Sport Medicine

Authors: MAXIM MOREAU, MSc 1 , ÉRIC TRONCY, DV, PhD 1 , SYLVAIN BICHOT, MSc 1 , and BERTRAND LUSSIER, DMV, MSc, Diplomate ACVS 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—Force platform gait analysis is a recognized clinical evaluation tool that captures and documents the in vivo pathomechanics of osteoarthritis (OA). In a clinical trial designed to evaluate the impact of 2 specific diets, an increase in body weight (BW) was observed in lame client-owned dogs. Covariance analysis was used to evaluate the interference of BW changes toward the evolution of peak vertical force (PVF) values. These secondary findings are reported in this study.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Lame dogs (n=26).

Authors: MAXIM MOREAU, MSc 1 , ÉRIC TRONCY, DV, PhD 1 , SYLVAIN BICHOT, MSc 1 , and BERTRAND LUSSIER, DMV, MSc, Diplomate ACVS 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—Force platform gait analysis is a recognized clinical evaluation tool that captures and documents the in vivo pathomechanics of osteoarthritis (OA). In a clinical trial designed to evaluate the impact of 2 specific diets, an increase in body weight (BW) was observed in lame client-owned dogs. Covariance analysis was used to evaluate the interference of BW changes toward the evolution of peak vertical force (PVF) values. These secondary findings are reported in this study.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Lame dogs (n=26).

Authors: JOSH REXING, DVM 1 , DIANNE DUNNING, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS 1 , ARTHUR M. SIEGEL, DVM, PhD 1 , KIM KNAP, BS, CVT, CCRP 1 , and BOBBIE WERBE, RVT 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—To compare 4 therapeutic techniques to reduce soft tissue swelling after cranial cruciate ligament repair in the dog.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Twenty-four dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR).

Authors: Norton J, Decamp C, Yu J, Rooks R.
Journal: Jeffrey Norton, DVM, Southpaws Veterinary Referral and Emergency Center, 8500 Arlington Blvd, Fairfax, VA 22031, USA, Phone: +1 703 752 9100 , Fax: +1 703-752-9215, E-mail: drjnorty@gmail.com.

Objective: To describe the use of a single-ring transarticular fixator construct for use in immobilisation of the talocrural joint in order to protect the healing of surgical repair of ruptures of the common calcaneal tendon. Methods: Ten repairs were performed in nine dogs. The age, breed, sex, details about the duration of pre-existing lameness, and the location and severity of tendon rupture at presentation were recorded for each dog. Recheck examinations were performed at one, two, four, six, eight, and 12 weeks postoperatively.

Authors: Correlation of surface electromyography of the vastus lateralis muscle in dogs at a walk with joint kinematics and ground reaction forces.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To describe the activity pattern of the vastus lateralis muscle in dogs at walk measured by surface electromyography (EMG) in relation to kinematics and kinetics of the pelvic limb. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. ANIMALS: Malinois dogs (n=11). METHODS: Dogs (mean +/- SD age, 5.5 +/- 2.9 years; weight, 27.3 +/- 3.8 kg; shoulder height, 62.7 +/- 3.3 cm) walked on a treadmill system with integrated force plates, which allowed simultaneous analysis of kinematics, kinetics, and EMG data from all limbs.

Authors: von Pfeil D, Decamp C, Diegel K, Gholve P, Probst C, Dejardin L.
Journal: VCOT

Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a condition affecting human adolescents in which there is partial separation of bone fragments from the tibial tuberosity at the site of insertion of the patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity. Tensile trauma seems to be the most likely aetiology. Clinical signs in people consist of swelling and pain at the proximal part of the tibial tuberosity and around the distal end of patellar ligament. Radiographs frequently show small ossicles at the patellar ligament insertion. Conservative treatment is usually curative.

Authors: BARBARA B. BOCKSTAHLER, DVM 1 , ROLAND GESKY, DVM 1 , MARION MUELLER, DVM 1 , JOHANN G. THALHAMMER, DVM, PhD 1 , CHRISTIAN PEHAM, DME 1 , and I. PODBREGAR, MSc 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—To describe the activity pattern of the vastus lateralis muscle in dogs at walk measured by surface electromyography (EMG) in relation to kinematics and kinetics of the pelvic limb.
Study Design—Experimental.
Animals—Malinois dogs (n=11).

Authors: Levy M, Hall C, Trentacosta N, Percival M.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: Little is known about the risks of injury to dogs participating in the relatively new sport of canine agility. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that put the participating dog at risk as well as determine the anatomical sites that were most commonly injured. Methods: A retrospective survey using a paper and web-based data collection instrument was used to evaluate dogs participating in the sport of canine agility. Results: Of the 1627 dogs included in the study, 33% were injured, and of those 58% were injured in competition.

Authors: M. PILAR LAFUENTE, DVM PhD 1 , BOEL A. FRANSSON, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS 1 , JAMES D. LINCOLN, DVM, MS 1 , STEVEN A. MARTINEZ, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS 1 , PATRICK R. GAVIN, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVR 1 , KEVIN K. LAHMERS, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVP 1 , JOHN
Journal: Vet Surg

Objective—To report and compare the clinical diagnosis, surgical treatment, histopathologic changes, and outcomes of dogs with mineralized and nonmineralized supraspinatus tendinopathy (ST).
Study Design—Case series.
Animals—Dogs (n=24) with ST.
Methods—Medical records (1995–2006) of dogs with ST that had surgical treatment were reviewed. Results of clinical examination, diagnostic imaging, surgery, histopathology of resected tendon tissue, and outcome were compared between dogs with mineralized and nonmineralized ST.

Authors: Burton N, Owen M, Colborne G, Toscano M.
Journal: VCOT

Objectives: To investigate the long term reliability of clinician and owner visual analogue score (VAS) for dogs with unilateral forelimb lameness attributable to fragmented medial coronoid process (FMCP) when compared to objective gait analysis. Methods: Nine dogs with unilateral thoracic limb lameness due to FMCP underwent inverse dynamics gait analysis at initial presentation, and at one, two, six and 12 months following diagnosis. Total support moments were calculated and a total support moment ratio (TSMR) derived as an objective assessment of thoracic limb asymmetry.