MRI

Authors: Maureen E. Holowinski, Mauricio Solano, Louise Maranda and José M. García-López
Journal: Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound

Adhesions occur in the navicular bursa between the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) and other structures. Our objectives were to describe the appearance of navicular bursa adhesions on high-field magnetic resonance (MR) images, to compare these findings to findings at navicular bursoscopy, and to determine the prevalence of lesions in the remainder of the podotrochlear apparatus. Sixteen forelimbs from 14 horses that underwent MR imaging and navicular bursoscopy were evaluated.

Category: Equine - Imaging - MRI
Authors: T. S. Mair and W. Linnenkohl
Journal: Equine Veterinary Education

Standing low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to image the feet of 21 horses affected by keratomas. The animals had variable clinical histories including acute, chronic or recurrent lameness. Of the 21 horses, only 14 (66%) had radiological changes suggestive of keratoma. Standing low-field MRI revealed a smoothly demarcated hoof wall lesion in all horses, with deformity of the adjacent surface of the distal phalanx in 15 cases.

Category: Equine - MRI - Podiatry
Authors: Mathieu Spriet, Brian Murphy, Stuart A. Vallance, Martin A. Vidal, Mary Beth Whitcomb, Erik R. Wisner
Journal: Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound

Magic angle magnetic resonance (MR) imaging consists of imaging tendons at 55° to the magnetic field. In people, magic angle MR imaging is valuable for detection of chronic tendon lesions and allows calculation of tendon T1 values. Increased T1 values occur in people with chronic tendinopathy. The T1 values of normal equine tendons have been reported but there are no available data for abnormal equine tendons. Twelve limbs were studied.

Category: Equine - MRI - Tendon
Authors: Michael Schramme, Anne Josson, Keith Linder
Journal: Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound

The suspensory ligament is difficult to image accurately, partly because it contains ligamentous fibers, as well as noncollagenous adipose and muscle tissue in the normal horse. Our hypothesis was that magnetic resonance (MR) imaging would be more accurate than ultrasonography in identifying the size of the suspensory ligament and the presence and size of noncollagenous tissues within the ligament. Eleven horses were used for ultrasonographic and MR imaging and histologic evaluation of the rear suspensory ligament.

Authors: Anna M. Adrian, Marc Koene, Steve Roberts, Peter Doughty, Nick Bolas, Jennifer Kinns, Walter Brehm, Kerstin Gerlach
Journal: Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound

The extent of fat suppression using short tau inversion recovery (STIR) imaging is variable between horses. Our aim was to determine if patient's age and/or hoof temperature have an influence on the T1 relaxation time of bone marrow in the equine distal limb, thereby affecting the suppression of fat signal. Magnetic resonance imaging was conducted on standing horses and cadaver samples using a low-field magnet (0.27 T). The hoof temperature was measured at the lateral side of the coronary band.

Category: Equine - MRI
Authors: Alexander J. Daniel, BVetMed; Carter E. Judy, DVM, DACVS; Mark C. Rick, DVM; Travis C. Saveraid, DVM, DACVR; Douglas J. Herthel, DVM
Journal: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Objective—To describe pathological findings identified with MRI in the distal tarsal bones of horses with unilateral hind limb lameness attributable to tarsal pain and to compare the usefulness of MRI with that of radiography and nuclear scintigraphy in evaluation of this region.

Design—Retrospective case series.

Animals—20 lame horses.

Authors: M. Biggi, D. D. Zani, D. De Zani, M. Di Giancamillo
Journal: Equine Veterinary Education

Three horses with sudden onset severe lameness were admitted for further diagnostic investigation. All horses had variable changes on radiographs in the distal tarsal region. Because of the sudden onset and severe degree of lameness, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination was performed. All horses showed areas of increased signal intensity in short tau inversion recovery (STIR) images involving the central and/or third tarsal bones. These lesions involved both the subchondral bone and bone marrow and are currently defined as bone marrow lesions (BML).

Category: Bone - Equine - MRI
Authors: SD Gutierrez-Nibeyro, NM Werpy, NA White II
Journal: Australian Veterinary Journal

Objective Conventional imaging modalities can diagnose the source of foot pain in most cases, but have limitations in some horses, which can be overcome by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, there are no reports of the MRI appearance and prevalence of foot lesions of a large series of horses with chronic foot lameness. Methods In the present study, 79 horses with unilateral or bilateral forelimb lameness because of chronic foot pain underwent standing low-field MRI to make a definitive diagnosis.

Category: Equine - Lameness - MRI
Authors: A. Nagy, S.Dyson
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Reasons for performing study: There is limited information on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in the carpus and proximal metacarpal region of lame horses.

Objectives: To document MRI findings in horses with lameness localised to the carpus and/or proximal metacarpal region.

Category: Equine - Lameness - MRI
Authors: S. E. POWELL
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal

Reasons for performing study: The metacarpo/metatarsophalangeal (MCP/MTP) joint is a common site of lameness in the Thoroughbred racehorse. Radiographs may fail to show pathology consistent with the degree of lameness. With a high incidence of stress fractures occurring in the distal third metacarpal/metatarsal (MC3/MT3) condyles and proximal phalanx, a definitive diagnosis as to the nature of the pathology is essential.

Objective: To describe the low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in Thoroughbred racehorses with MCP/MTP joint pain scanned under standing sedation.

Category: Equine - Lameness - MRI