Osteoarthritis associated with hip dysplasia is one of the most common orthopedic abnormalities in dogs, with an incidence of up to 40% in some breeds. Tissue therapy of cartilage has received great attention, with use of mesenchymal stromal cells and different types of biomaterials.
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of platelet lysate (PL) on the proliferation and differentiation of canine adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ASCs), in liquid culture or hydrogels.
PL was prepared from blood collected from healthy dogs and submitted to freezing-thawing cycles, and hydrogel was formed with canine thrombin. The effect of PL on the proliferation and differentiation of canine ASCs was evaluated in liquid and hydrogel systems, with microscopy, quantification of dsDNA, histology and quantification of glycosaminoglycans. The addition of 5% or 10% PL to the culture medium induced a greater proliferation rate than the presence of 10% fetal bovine serum.
The cultivation of ASCs in PL gel, with normal or chondrogenic medium, resulted in maintenance of proliferation level similar to the conventional 2D cultivation, and induction of chondrogenic differentiation, especially in the presence of the chondrogenesis induction medium.