Rehabilitation

Authors: Rohdin C, Karlstam E, Jäderlund KH, Shelton GD.
Journal: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

PRESENTATION: This report describes a kitten with paraplegia and extensor rigidity of the pelvic limbs associated with motor neuron loss and chronic denervation of skeletal muscle. Persistent skeletal muscle atrophy and degeneration had resulted in immobile stifle and hock joints and severe pelvic limb rigidity consistent with a neurogenic form of arthrogryposis. Both pelvic limbs were equally affected and the kitten showed no signs of pain. INVESTIGATIONS: Electromyography identified spontaneous activity in the pelvic limbs.

Authors: Roush JK, Cross AR, Renberg WC, Dodd CE, Sixby KA, Fritsch DA, Allen TA, Jewell DE, Richardson DC, Leventhal PS, Hahn KA.
Journal: JAVMA

Objective-To evaluate the effects of a food supplemented with fish oil omega-3 fatty acids on weight bearing in dogs with osteoarthritis. Design-Randomized, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial. Animals-38 client-owned dogs with osteoarthritis examined at 2 university veterinary clinics. Procedures-Dogs were randomly assigned to receive a typical commercial food (n = 16) or a test food (22) containing 3.5% fish oil omega-3 fatty acids.

Authors: MAXIM MOREAU, MSc 1 , ÉRIC TRONCY, DV, PhD 1 , SYLVAIN BICHOT, MSc 1 , and BERTRAND LUSSIER, DMV, MSc, Diplomate ACVS 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—Force platform gait analysis is a recognized clinical evaluation tool that captures and documents the in vivo pathomechanics of osteoarthritis (OA). In a clinical trial designed to evaluate the impact of 2 specific diets, an increase in body weight (BW) was observed in lame client-owned dogs. Covariance analysis was used to evaluate the interference of BW changes toward the evolution of peak vertical force (PVF) values. These secondary findings are reported in this study.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Lame dogs (n=26).

Authors: MAXIM MOREAU, MSc 1 , ÉRIC TRONCY, DV, PhD 1 , SYLVAIN BICHOT, MSc 1 , and BERTRAND LUSSIER, DMV, MSc, Diplomate ACVS 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—Force platform gait analysis is a recognized clinical evaluation tool that captures and documents the in vivo pathomechanics of osteoarthritis (OA). In a clinical trial designed to evaluate the impact of 2 specific diets, an increase in body weight (BW) was observed in lame client-owned dogs. Covariance analysis was used to evaluate the interference of BW changes toward the evolution of peak vertical force (PVF) values. These secondary findings are reported in this study.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Lame dogs (n=26).

Authors: JOSH REXING, DVM 1 , DIANNE DUNNING, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS 1 , ARTHUR M. SIEGEL, DVM, PhD 1 , KIM KNAP, BS, CVT, CCRP 1 , and BOBBIE WERBE, RVT 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—To compare 4 therapeutic techniques to reduce soft tissue swelling after cranial cruciate ligament repair in the dog.
Study Design—Prospective study.
Animals—Twenty-four dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR).

Authors: Gordon-Evans WJ, Evans RB, Knap KE, Hildreth JM, Pinel CB, Imhoff DJ, Conzemius MG.
Journal: AJVR

Objective-To determine the spatiotemporal gait characteristics and associated covariates of clinically normal dogs and dogs with spinal cord disease. Animals-42 clinically normal dogs and 24 dogs with myelopathy at spinal cord segment T3-L3. Procedures-Gait was analyzed for velocity, stride length, stride time, stance time, and swing time and compared between groups with consideration of covariates, including height, weight, velocity, sex, and age.

Category: Rehabilitation - Spine
Authors: Marshall W, Bockstahler B, Hulse D, Carmichael S.
Journal: VCOT

Obesity is an increasingly important health problem for both man and dog. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a significant cause of pain and disability in both species. A link between obesity and OA has been established in man, though the exact mechanism of the relationship remains to be fully elucidated - current research supports both biomechanical and biochemical theories. There is good evidence (class I*) to support weight loss as an effective treatment for human knee OA. In the dog, the relationship is just beginning to be investigated.

Authors: Correlation of surface electromyography of the vastus lateralis muscle in dogs at a walk with joint kinematics and ground reaction forces.
Journal: Vet Surg

OBJECTIVE: To describe the activity pattern of the vastus lateralis muscle in dogs at walk measured by surface electromyography (EMG) in relation to kinematics and kinetics of the pelvic limb. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. ANIMALS: Malinois dogs (n=11). METHODS: Dogs (mean +/- SD age, 5.5 +/- 2.9 years; weight, 27.3 +/- 3.8 kg; shoulder height, 62.7 +/- 3.3 cm) walked on a treadmill system with integrated force plates, which allowed simultaneous analysis of kinematics, kinetics, and EMG data from all limbs.

Authors: BARBARA B. BOCKSTAHLER, DVM 1 , ROLAND GESKY, DVM 1 , MARION MUELLER, DVM 1 , JOHANN G. THALHAMMER, DVM, PhD 1 , CHRISTIAN PEHAM, DME 1 , and I. PODBREGAR, MSc 1
Journal: Vet Surg

ABSTRACT
Objective—To describe the activity pattern of the vastus lateralis muscle in dogs at walk measured by surface electromyography (EMG) in relation to kinematics and kinetics of the pelvic limb.
Study Design—Experimental.
Animals—Malinois dogs (n=11).

Authors: von Pfeil D, Decamp C, Diegel K, Gholve P, Probst C, Dejardin L.
Journal: VCOT

Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a condition affecting human adolescents in which there is partial separation of bone fragments from the tibial tuberosity at the site of insertion of the patellar ligament to the tibial tuberosity. Tensile trauma seems to be the most likely aetiology. Clinical signs in people consist of swelling and pain at the proximal part of the tibial tuberosity and around the distal end of patellar ligament. Radiographs frequently show small ossicles at the patellar ligament insertion. Conservative treatment is usually curative.