Distal femoral osteotomy is a surgical procedure used to correct patellar luxation, secondary to a femoral deformity. A distal femoral osteotomy using the tibial plateau levelling osteotomy-jig to temporarily provide stability of the distal femoral osteotomy, maintaining limb alignment in the frontal and axial planes prior to internal plate fixation of the osteotomy, has been described.

Category: Deformity - Knee

OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of hemiepiphysiodesis for the treatment of proximal tibial deformities in immature dogs and evaluate the effect on the mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA).

Category: Deformity

CASE DESCRIPTION: A three-year-old cat was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Naples, Italy. The cat had severe pelvic limb deformity, and abnormal development of all four paws.

CLINICAL FINDINGS: Radiographs revealed bilateral tibial agenesis, syndactyly, and digital hypoplasia.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME: No treatment was instituted because of the severity of the injury, the adaptation of the cat to the abnormal condition, and the owner's refusal to permit any treatment.

Category: Deformity

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate morphological parameters of the femur, tibia, and patella in Toy Poodles with medial patellar luxation (MPL) using three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) and to compare these parameters between radiography and CT.

Category: Deformity - Imaging - Knee

An approximately three-month-old, 0.45 kg female Domestic Shorthaired kitten with stiff hyperextended hindlimbs distal to the talo-central joint is reported. Attempts at repositioning of the joints by flexion failed while increased manipulative forces caused signs of pain and vocalization. Orthogonal radiographic views revealed a significant malarticulation of the tarsus. Goniometric measurments revealed a 145° extensor and 95° internal torsional deformity. 

OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the influence of epidemiologic, surgical, and mechanical factors on the durations of bone consolidation and external fixation after distraction osteogenesis in dogs.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe a protocol for measurement of the anatomic lateral distal femoralangle (aLDFA), angle of anteversion (AA), mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA), tibialtuberosity displacement (TTD), and crural torsion angle (CTA) from computed tomography (CT) multiplanar reconstructions of canine hindlimbs. (2) To test the intra-observer variability (repeatability) and inter-observer variability (reproducibility) of the protocol.

Category: Deformity - Imaging - Knee
Authors: Gutierrez-Quintana R1, Guevar J, Stalin C, Faller K, Yeamans C, Penderis J.
Journal: Vet Radiol Ultrasound

Congenital vertebral malformations are common in brachycephalic "screw-tailed" dog breeds such as French bulldogs, English bulldogs, Boston terriers, and pugs. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether a radiographic classification scheme developed for use in humans would be feasible for use in these dog breeds.

Category: Deformity - Spine
Authors: Demianiuk RM1, Guiot LP.
Journal: J Small Anim Pract

A 4 · 5-month-old, 13 · 8 kg, female neutered mixed breed dog was presented for evaluation of acute non-weight bearing right pelvic limb lameness. Radiographs revealed a tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture for which open reduction/internal fixation was performed. Asymmetrical premature closure of the cranial aspect of the proximal tibial physis ensued with a tibial plateau angle of -12°. Abnormal stifle biomechanics resulted in lameness and caudal cruciate ligament fraying.

Authors: Deruddere KJ1, Snelling SR.
Journal: N Z Vet J


The aim of this study was to report the outcome of acute antebrachial angular and rotational limb deformity (AARLD) correction using a standard radial ostectomy, an unarticulated type 1b external skeletal fixator (ESF) and intra-operative alignment with no pre-operative planning.